Who are we?

3 minutes to understand CRE

CRE, the French Energy Regulatory Commission, was created on 24 March 2000. Its role is to ensure that the electricity and gas markets in France function smoothly, for the benefit of end consumers and in line with energy policy objectives.

Principles

Impartiality

to ensure the neutrality, fairness and objectivity of official decisions and opinions

Independence

from the energy market actors in fulfilling statutory roles

Transparency

in work produced and the procedures for drafting official decisions and opinions

Continuous development

Participating

in the construction of the internal European market in energy

Contributing

to the smooth functioning of the electricity and natural gas markets, for the benefit of end consumers

Regulating the networks

for gas and electricity, which are monopolies: setting tariffs and ensuring they do not give any user an undue advantage

Ensuring that consumers

are properly informed

Implementing certain mechanisms

to support renewable energies, by organising tender processes

Statut

An independent administrative authority

Objectives

Guaranteeing independence

for system operators

Establishing harmonised rules

for the energy networks and markets, to ensure that energy is able to circulate freely between EU Member States

Ensuring competition

between energy suppliers for the benefit of consumers

Ensuring that consumers

have access to the best service at a fair price

2017's budget

20,9

million euros

CRE’s operating budget is proposed by the commission to the French Finance Minister, and subsequently included in finance legislation. The funds allocated are accounted for in the general public sector budget. CRE is subject to over-sight by the Cour des comptes, the French Court of Auditors.

Parc d'éoliennes en mer

20,7

billion euros

Charges fixed by CRE for the tariffs for the electricity and gas transmission and distribution networks

Workforce

144 staff

including 65 women and 79 men as of 31 December 2017

2 independent bodies

The collegial board

Six commissioners, with an equal number of men and women, appointed for their legal, economic and technical qualifications, determine the main orientations and adopt decisions and opinions based on expert assessments from the various departments, under the authority of the president and chief executive.

CoRDiS

The Dispute Settlement and Sanctions Committee, known by its French acroynm “CoRDiS” (Comité de règlement des différends et des sanctions), comprises four members, including two members of the Conseil d’Etat (French Council of State), and two judges from the Cour de cassation (France’s Supreme Court). They are tasked with settling dis-putes concerning access to and use of the public electricity and gas networks between operators and users, and also with penalising infringements of the Energy Code.

Some key figures in 2017

16

public consultations

106

market participants heard by the collegial board

9

appearances by the president, chief executive and departments of CRE before the French parliament

62

commission meetings

12

decisions by the CoRDiS

Key dates

2000

  • Proposes tariffs for using the networks

  • Gives its opinion on regulated electricity tariffs

  • Assesses public service charges, arranges tenders for renewable energies

  • Settles disputes concerning network access

2006

  • Monitors the wholesale electricity and gas markets

2010

  • Monitors the wholesale CO2 markets

  • Implements ARENH (access right to nuclear power) and the capacity mechanism

2011

  • Sets tariffs for using the networks

  • Certifies transmission system operators

  • Gives the go-ahead for deployment of Linky and Gazpar meters

2015

  • Takes on 13 new roles in accordance with the “Energy Transition” Law (gas storage regulation, smart grid trials, etc.)

  • Able to audit information collected in the course of its work, with businesses covering the costs

2016

  • Proposes regulated electricity tariffs (“blue tariffs”)

2017

  • Regulates gas storage under the “Hydrocarbons” Law

In 2017

291

deliberations

13

referrals to the CoRDiS

12

decisions by the CoRDiS